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Maryland History Day 2021: Emergency Response in the Early 20th Century

Health Care

This transcript is a small part of a larger collection documenting the activities of Red Cross volunteers from Delaware and the Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia. The Red Cross Home Service provided disaster relief, home care, and medical services during peace time as well as during the World Wars.

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Helen Binde's diaries document the life of Helen Binde, a young nurse from New Jersey in 1928. Binde records her daily life and her diary contains numerous newspaper clippings of famous aviators (most notably Charles Lindbergh) and the photograph she sent as part of an actress application to a motion picture company. 

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Miss Halsey was an American woman who joined the French Wounded Emergency Fund, a relief organization created by the British. Miss Halsey's duties involved driving Mrs. Edith May, the leader of the Fund, and delivering supplies to non-Red Cross Hospitals. 

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Fire and Life Saving

Fred Grier photographs

This album contains photographs collected by Fred Grier (1883-1971), former fire marshal of Salisbury, MD. The collection includes the origins, activities and role of the Salisbury Fire Department along with fires and disasters which have occurred in and around the Salisbury area.

For more information, visit the Finding Aid.

US Coast Guard North Beach Station Scrapbook

The US Coast Guard North Beach Station photograph scrapbook (2010.114) documents the lifesaving and hunting activities on the coast of Maryland in 1915 and 1919. The US Coast Guard station, under the direction of Captain William S. Purnell, was built in 1883 and located at North Beach (presently Assateague Island). For more information, visit the Finding Aid.


First Aid Kit

Emergency first aid kit from "The American National Red Cross" c.1950s.


Medic's Bag

British combat medic's pouch used during WWII.


Red Cross Uniform

Women's Red Cross Uniform, c. 1900.



Pillowcase given to Fred A. Grier, Jr., front side of pillowcase has embroidered signatures of local individuals, 1901.



Pillowcase given to Fred A. Grier, Jr., back side of pillowcase embroidered with "Fred A. Grier, Jr., 1901" 


Birth and Death

This birth register belonged to Dr. Jesse Wanner, who practiced on Maryland's Eastern Shore in Tyaskin, Bivalve, and western Wicomico County. His register detailed not only the patient, but also the date of birth, the assisting physician or midwife, and payment for services.

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This register transcription is part of the John Jacob Collection, and records burial permits in Wicomico County from 1917 to 1918, including names of deceased, causes of deaths, and burial location.  

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