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What is an "empirical article"?
An empirical article is an article that reports research based on actual observation or experiment; it may use either quantitative or qualitative research methods.
Need help determining if an article is empirical or not?
- In what kind of journal is this article published?
- Empirical articles are published in academic or professional journals, such as Journal of American College Health, American Journal of Health Education, or JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association.
- Does the article's abstract mention an observation, analysis or study?
- Empirical research measures something, meaning empirical articles will typically contain data collection, survey results, interviews, or an assessment of some sort.
- Does the article contain the following sections:
- How many pages is the article?
- Empirical articles are typically of substantial length- think at least 5+ pages.
Popular Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals
Which of the following articles are scholarly and empirical, and which are not?
Take several minutes and carefully evaluate the following articles to determine if they are 1. scholarly and 2. empirical. We will discuss them as a class.
- Kanekar, A., Sharma, M., & Bennett, R. (2015). Using social cognitive theory to predict safer sex behaviors in college students. American Journal of Health Studies, 30(2), 90-101.
- Study questions effectiveness of social norms marketing campaigns. (2004). Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly, 16(2), 5-6.
- Grekin, E. R., & Ayna, D. (2012). Waterpipe smoking among college students in the United States: A review of the literature. Journal of American College Health, 60(3), 244-249.