Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

HHPF 502: Introduction to Research

About APA Style

APA stands for the American Psychological Association. APA citation and formatting style is most commonly used in Psychology, Education Social Sciences. Other disciplines beyond the Social Sciences also use APA. At SU, the Health and Human Performance program widely uses APA as the preferred citation and formatting style, but please check with your individual professor.

APA Quick Tips

  • Author(s) should be listed by the last name, followed by the first initial (and second initial). 
  • When there is no apparent author, list the source by title in your reference list. Alphabetize reference list entries beginning with a title using the primary word of the title (excluding aan, and the)..
  • When it comes to article titles, book titles, webpage titles: capitalize the first word of the title, subtitle, and proper nouns, followed by a period.
  • When it comes to journal titles: capitalize all important words and put in italics.
  • APA references should be listed in the alphabetical order by author's last name, not alphabetical order by title or the order they were used within your paper

APA Citation Examples

  Format Example
Print Author's last name, Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of the article. Journal Titlevolume number (issue number), pages. Carter, K. (1995). Teaching stories and local understandings. Journal of Educational Research88(6), 326-330.
Online Author's last name, Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of the article. Journal Titlevolume number (issue number), pages. DOI or URL Ke, F., & Hoadley, C. (2009). Evaluating online learning communities. Educational Technology Research & Development57(4), 487-510. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-009-9120-2
  Format Example
Print Author's last name, Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of the book. Publisher name. Veletsianos, G. (2020). Learning online: The student experience. Johns Hopkins University Press.
eBook Author last name, first initial. (Year). Book title. Publisher. DOI or URL.  Chaffe-Stengel, P., & Stengel, D. (2012). Working with sample data: Exploration and inference. Business Expert Press. https://doi.org/10.4128/9781606492147

 

  Format Example
Website Author last name, first initial. (Date). Title of page. Host site. URL Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). What is health literacy? https://www.cdc.gov/healthliteracy/learn/index.html

 

Other APA Resources

APA Manual of Style