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ENGL 510 Quintana Wulf

Look it up! Reference and theory sources

Reference

Theory

Structuralism

Use of methods of structural linguistics and structural anthropology. 

There are two basic types of structuralism. One concentrates its study on the patterns formed by linguistic elements in relief. The more common type, which has claso affinities to semiotics, sees literary conventions as a system of codes that contribute to and convey literary elements, on how meaning is conveyed rather than what meaning is conveyed, on how a literary device or even genre functions rather than how it imitates an external reality or expresses an internal feeling.

Subject search: Semiotics & Literature


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Poststructuralism & Deconstruction

Poststructuralism is a term loosely applied to an array of critical and intellectual movements, including Deconstruction and radical forms of psychoanalytic, feminist, and revisionist Marxist thinking, which are deemed to lie "beyond" Structuralism. Full definition is available in A Handbook to Literature

Subject search for Poststructuralism

Subject search for Deconstruction


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Gender studies & Queer theory

Queer theorist Warren Hedges has suggested that 'Identity-based gay and Lesbian criticism' around 1988 gave way to Queer Theory, the main difference being that the former 'assumes that representations are a function of sexual identities" while theorists read texts with a great degree of specificity, attending to what characters take pleasure in, how this is tied to historically specific circumstances, and the representational dynamics and dilemmas in which characters find themselves enmeshed. A full definition is available in A Handbook to Literature

Subject search for Gender studies in literature

Subject search for Queer theory in literature


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Formalism

A term applied to criticism that emphasizes the form of the artwork with "form" variously construed to mean generic form, type, verbal form, grammatical and syntactical form, rhetorical form, or verse form.  A full definition is available in A Handbook to Literature

Subject search for formalism and literature


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Feminist criticism

In addition to recovering neglected works by women authors through the ages and creating a canon of women's writing, feminist criticism has become a wide-ranging exploration of the construction of gender and identity, the role of women in culture and society, and the possibilities of women's creative expression. A full definition is available in A Handbook to Literature

Subject search for feminist criticism in literature


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"Literary and Cultural Studies gives you access to historical and emergent traditions of literature, culture and thought. Through critical interpretation and dialogue, we can see how language mediated through texts arranges and allows different ways of knowing and living. In the process you will read some of the greatest wordsmiths and thinkers in the English language."

Definition source: Penn State, Literary & Cultural Theories

Subject search for Cultural studies in literature


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Criticism based on the doctrines of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, and their disciples. Marxim assumes the independent reality of matter and its priority over mind. It teaches a theory of value based on labor, the economic determination of all social actions and institutions, the class struggle as the proletariat, the dictatorship of that proletariat, and the ultimate establishment of a classless society. A full definition is available in A Handbook to Literature

Subject search for Marxist criticism in literature

The emphasis in criticism on the values of symbols and language that, often unconsciously, explain meanings or unconscious intention. The term is also often applied to the examination of the motives and actions of characters, as in Hamlet and Oedipus. Most psychoanalytical criticism employs the doctrines of Sigmund Freud. A full definition is available in A Handbook to Literature

Subject search for Psychoanalytical Criticism

"Post-colonial criticism is similar to cultural studies, but it assumes a unique perspective on literature and politics that warrants a separate discussion. Specifically, post-colonial critics are concerned with literature produced by colonial powers and works produced by those who were/are colonized. Post-colonial theory looks at issues of power, economics, politics, religion, and culture and how these elements work in relation to colonial hegemony (Western colonizers controlling the colonized)."

Definition source: Purdue University Online Writing Lab - "Post-Colonial Criticism."

Subject search for Postcolonialism in literature