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ART 391: Medieval Art: Background pResearch & Keywords

Where can I find background information?

Now that you've identified some areas of potential research- or at least areas where you know you need to start filling in some knowledge- you should start looking into finding background information by using reference sources. As you're already aware, it is important to gather background information on a topic (or object, in this case) before diving into doing research, as it can supply that contextual information you're missing to give a better understanding of a topic, and it can also be a great way to start developing keywords to use during the research process.

Background information on a topic can be gathered from a variety of reference sources, including textbooks, encyclopedias, and reputable websites. Reference sources aren't meant to give you all your research and will not count towards your source requirements; they're meant to give you quick facts and a basic understanding of a topic as you start on your research.

Two good places to start:

Fnding images

Keywords

So you've done some background research. 
You've completed your concept map.
You've connected the dots and have an idea of a thesis you can argue in your paper.

But don't hop into researching your topic just yet! Take the time to develop a list of keywords to use throughout your research.

KEYWORDS carry some of the most important meanings that will open doors to vast amounts of information. You can develop keywords by using the sources you've already looked into, or pulling directly from the concept map you created. Keywords can include:

  • The object (if it's famous enough, i.e. the Mona Lisa)
  • Artist
  • Patron
  • Themes occurring in the object
  • Historical events happening at the time
  • Larger concepts you're considering in the frame of your paper (i.e. feminism)
  • Synonyms for the keywords you've already developed 
  • Etc.

Creating keyword lists are important in that you will use these terms to search library tools such as the library catalog and article research databases. 

Developing search strategies

As you create keywords, you should also begin piecing together those keywords to create "search strings," or search strategies. You can certainly plug these keywords into the catalog and databases to see what you can find on your narrow topic, or you can elevate and expand your searching by using boolean operators, nested searches and truncation.