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ATTR 210: Foundations of Athletic Training: Introduction & PICO Questions


In class, you will develop a clinical (PICO) question on a health-related topic specific to the athletic training profession or patient population. You will then perform a scholarly search of the available literature that best answers and supports your clinical question. Select at minimum five to six peer-reviewed, scholarly articles (no more than 10-12) that best support your clinical bottom line (CBL) . When selecting articles, be sure to critique validity and credibility. Evidence should be used throughout the paper. Please utilize AMA citation style. Then synthesize your selected articles to form an organized, thoughtful, and accurate CBL. Remember, ATs are your audience. The CBL should include the following sections:

  1. Introduction or background: What is the purpose of this CBL? Why is it important? What is the literature saying?
  2. Clinical Question: Concisely state your clinical/PICO question
  3. Search terms: What keywords did you use to search for your article?
  4. Findings: What are the major, consistent, or meaningful results from the articles you selected?
  5. Clinical Bottom Line: What's the conclusion? What is your recommendation based on the literature?
  6. References

Manage & Organize

ProQuest RefWorks - Source citation tool

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KEYWORDS carry some of the most important meanings that will open doors to vast amounts of information. You can develop keywords by searching reference sources, books, websites, and thesauri, among other materials.

Creating KEYWORD lists are important in that you will use these terms to search library tools such as the library catalog and article research databases. 

PICO Questions

Clinical question: Do ankle braces reduce the incidence of ankle injuries in athletes?