"You need to find, read, and use at least 2 secondary sources: they can be either literary criticism, sources that help you understand the social and cultural contexts for the literary texts, or literary theory that can help you establish a critical framework for your analysis." Dr. Quintana Wulf
Figure out what you want to say. Outline all of the parts.
Identify the kinds of sources you'll need. Sources can be used to educate yourself about the topic, or they can act as direct evidence supporting your points.
What method (lens) will you use to "see" the literary text you are studying?
A basic research process to consider
Taking a basic research approach early on may help you to start exploring facts, opinions/arguments/questions, and the relevancy and quality of sources that you discover. Each draft is an opportunity to review and sometimes replace the sources from which you draw support/evidence.
1. Facts and biographical(general and specialized encyclopedias, almanacs, [auto] biographies, etc)
2. Older, established literature criticism and theory (library catalog: books)
3. Specific scholarly "conversations" (library databases: journal articles)