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ENVR 210: Principles of Environmental Economics: Cite Sources

In the research process: CITE SOURCES

  • Form an approach to initiating an assignment.
  • Use keywords related to your group's chosen state.
  • Distinguish the differences between popular and peer-reviewed articles.
  • Explore the library's information resources.
  • Evaluate the information you are finding on your chosen state.  
  • Answer all the crucial questions on your chosen state.  

Citing Sources: APA

You always have the most control over the accuracy of your citations when you do it by hand using the selected style manual (below).

APA Citation Examples

Book by a single author

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Title of the book. Place of Publication: Publisher name.

Example: Staff, F.E. (1969). The Valentine & Its Origins. New York: Frederick A. Praeger.

Article from a journal

With a DOI (Online or Hardcopy)
(See below for an explanation of DOI)

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Journal title, volume number (issue number), pages. DOI number.

Example: Ke, F., & Hoadley, C. (2009). Evaluating online learning communities. Educational Technology Research & Development, 57(4), 487-510.
doi:10.1007/s11423-009-9120-2

Without a DOI (Hardcopy)

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Journal title, volume number (issue number), pages.

Example: Carter, K. (1995). Teaching stories and local understandings. Journal of Educational Research, 88(6), 326-330.

Without a DOI (Database or Website)

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Journal title, volume number (issue number), pages. Retrieved from website

Example: Goral, T. (2009). The Sustainable Learning Community. University Business, 12(7), 18. Retrieved from http://www.universitybusiness.com/

Article from a magazine

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Journal Title, volume number(issue), pages.

Example: Zimmer, C. (2009, July/August). The Brain. Discover, 30(7), 24-25.

Article from a newspaper

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Newspaper Title, pages. Discontinuous pages are separated by commas

Example: Poirot, C. (2004, March 17). HIV prevention pill goes beyond 'morning after'. The Hartford Courant, pp. F1, F6.

Website

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of document or date of last revision, if known). Title of the website/article. Retrieved date of web retrieval, from URL.

Example: Burka, L. P. (1993). A hypertext history of multi-user dimensions. Retrieved August 2, 2007, from http://www.csun.edu/~hceng028/m-hist.txt.


DOI: Digital Object Identifier

The DOI is a set of numbers and/or letters given to individual journal articles.

  • You should include the DOI for articles retrieved online or from hardcopy

  • The database might give the DOI in the citation section. If not, then you may find it at the top or bottom of the first page

  • When you have a DOI, you do not need to include the web address

  • When you do not have a DOI, you must include the URL of the journal's homepage from the publisher's website. If this URL is too long, you may use the publisher's
    homepage. You may have to search for this website online.

    Do not use the direct URL of the article and do not use the database name or URL
    (exceptions; a dissertation, an ERIC document or older JSTOR article)

  • Older hardcopy journals will not have a DOI, so you will cite it without one

In-text citation examples

Research Documentatation, 5th ed. - From authors of style guides in several disciplines, this website provides examples of in-text citations and References lists for Chicago, APA, MLA, etc....